Thyroid problems are disease conditions that affect the thyroid glands. It is a gland that is located around the throat area below Adam’s apple. The role of this gland is to regulate the body metabolic processes and maintain them at an optimum rate. The main hormone produced by this gland is thyroxine which is released into the blood before being converted to the active form triiodothyronine which regulates the metabolic rate. Here are some of the common types of thyroid disorders.
Thyroid cancer has been reported mainly among the elderly people who are above fifty-five years of age as opposed to the youth and children. This type of cancer varies depending on the specific part of the thyroid gland that is affected. Most of the cancer types can be managed with very high rates of survival. If the cancer is diagnosed in its early stages, it can be treated and the patient may recover fully. People are encouraged to screen regularly so as to ensure that the problem is diagnosed early and increase the chances of treatment and full recovery.
Thyroid lumps are hardened mass of nodules that develop inside the glands causing it to malfunction. These nodes are usually as a result of benign cysts which translate to hard tumor cells. The lumps may vary in size. There are cases where the lumps have grown to extent of affecting the neighboring organs causing extreme pain. It may be a single lump or multiple.