Thyroid problems are disease conditions that affect the thyroid glands. It is a gland that is located around the throat area below Adam’s apple. The role of this gland is to regulate the body metabolic processes and maintain them at an optimum rate. The main hormone produced by this gland is thyroxine which is released into the blood before being converted to the active form triiodothyronine which regulates the metabolic rate. Here are some of the common types of thyroid disorders.
Thyroid cancer has been reported mainly among the elderly people who are above fifty-five years of age as opposed to the youth and children. This type of cancer varies depending on the specific part of the thyroid gland that is affected. Most of the cancer types can be managed with very high rates of survival. If the cancer is diagnosed in its early stages, it can be treated and the patient may recover fully. People are encouraged to screen regularly so as to ensure that the problem is diagnosed early and increase the chances of treatment and full recovery.
Thyroid lumps are hardened mass of nodules that develop inside the glands causing it to malfunction. These nodes are usually as a result of benign cysts which translate to hard tumor cells. The lumps may vary in size. There are cases where the lumps have grown to extent of affecting the neighboring organs causing extreme pain. It may be a single lump or multiple.
Goiter is a name that is used to describe an abnormal enlargement of the thyroid gland. This is mostly associated with low iodine consumption. Recent research has indicated that enlargement of this gland is not entirely due to low iodine content but also malfunction, hypothyroidism, and hyperthyroidism.
Hyperthyroidism is a health condition where the thyroid gland produces excess thyroid hormone. This problem is usually brought about by an abnormal increase in the metabolic rate. This condition may not show any signs or symptoms if it is mild. However, in severe cases, the individual may experience fatigue, fever and fast heartbeat rates. In long-term cases, the patient may lose weight and have continuous and excessive sweating. The main causes of this condition include excessive iodine consumption and Graves’ disease.
This is a condition that is the exact opposite of hyperthyroidism. It is characterized by insufficient production of the thyroid hormone. This can be a result of a malfunction of the thyroid or pituitary glands. The symptoms of this condition include constipation, dehydration, shaking and joint aches.
Thyroid hormone resistance
This is another rare case of thyroid disorders where the thyroid gland is functioning well but the hormone is unable to reach the cells. This is because the cells have become resistant to the hormone. This condition is related to acute stress and excessive cortisol in the blood. The symptoms are similar to those of hypothyroid condition.
Most of these thyroid disorders can be treated to full recovery. Patients are advised to seek medical advice if they notice any form of abnormal swelling, itching or pain around the throat region.